MIT PDE/Analysis Seminar
Fall 2024
September 10 | Josef Eberhard Greilhuber (Stanford University) |
Cones on which few harmonic functions can vanish Abstract: Given a subset of Euclidean space, one may consider the space of harmonic functions vanishing on it. In two dimensions, this space is always either trivial or infinite-dimensional. In higher dimensions, this is no longer true. In this talk we will see that almost all cones defined by a quadratic homogeneous harmonic polynomial admit exactly two linearly independent harmonic functions vanishing on them. |
September 17 | Federico Franceschini (IAS) |
The dimension and behaviour of singularities of stable solutions to semilinear elliptic equations Abstract: Let $f(t)$ be a convex, positive, increasing nonlinearity. It is known that stable solutions of $-\Delta u =f(u)$ can be singular (i.e., unbounded) if the dimension $n \ge 10$. Brezis conjectured that if $x=0$ is such a singular point, then $f'(u(x))$ blows-up like $|x|^{2-n}$. Villegas showed that such a strong statement fails for general nonlinearities. In this talk, we prove — for all nonlinearities — a version of Brezis conjecture, which is essentially the best one can obtain in view of the counterexamples of Villegas. Building on this result we then show that the singular set has dimension n-10, at least for a large class of nonlinearities that includes the most relevant cases. This is a joint work with Alessio Figalli. |
September 24 | Jaydeep Singh (Princeton) |
Regimes of stability for self-similar naked singularities Abstract: A central problem in general relativity concerns the formation of naked singularities, a class of finite-time blowup solutions to Einstein-matter systems with starkly different properties than their black hole counterparts. In this talk we introduce the family of k-self-similar naked singularities, first constructed rigorously by Christodoulou, which are known to exhibit a blue-shift instability. In our main results, we quantify the strength of this blue-shift instability as the degree of concentration and the support of initial data are varied, identifying surprising regimes in which these spacetimes transition between stability and instability. We then discuss the consequences of these results for the weak cosmic censorship conjecture. |
October 8 | Adi Glucksam (Hebrew University) |
Multi-fractal spectrum of planar harmonic measure Abstract: In this talk, I will define various notions of the multi-fractal spectrum of harmonic measures and discuss finer features of the relationship between them and properties of the corresponding conformal maps. Furthermore, I will describe the role of multifractal formalism and dynamics in the universal counterparts. This is a developing story, based on a joint work with I. Binder. |
October 15 | Mihalis Dafermos (Cambridge, Princeton) | |
October 22 | TBA | |
October 29 | Kévin Le Balc'h (Sorbonne University) |
Quantitative unique continuation for real-valued solutions to second order elliptic equations in the plane. Abstract: In this talk, I will first present the Landis conjecture on exponential decay for solutions to second order elliptic equation in the Euclidean setting. While for complex-valued functions, the Landis conjecture was disproved by Meshkov in 1992, the question is still open for real-valued functions. I will present one way to tackle the conjecture, due to Bourgain and Kenig, that consists in establishing quantitative unique continuation results. Previous results in the two-dimensional setting by Kenig, Sylvestre, Wang in 2014 and more recently by Logunov, Malinnikova, Nadirashvili, Nazarov in 2020 will be recalled and explained. Then, the goal of the talk will be to prove that the qualitative and quantitative Landis conjecture hold for real-valued solutions of the Laplace operator, perturbed by lower order term, in the plane. The talk would be based on a joint work with Diego A. Souza (Universidad de Sevilla). |
November 5 | TBA | |
November 12 | Rachel Greenfeld (Northwestern University) | |
November 19 | Shaomin Guo (University of Wisconsin) | |
November 26 | TBA | |
December 3 | Robert Schippa (University of California, Berkeley) | |
December 10 | TBA | |
December 17 | Alex Cohen (MIT) |